Most beekeepers build their beehive out of unassembled wooden hive parts at some point. Most beekeepers buy their unassembled hive in advance and others are adventurous enough to cut their own beehive equipment. This article provides valuable information about individual hive parts, and how to assemble them to create a solid, safe home for your bees.
The following steps outlined below are a guide for a standard 8 or 10 frame Langstroth hive box.
Tools you will need for assembly (not supplied):
Time commitment: it should take you 1 to 2 hours to complete.
Bee hives should be built several days before the bees arrive. This will give you several days to paint them after building a beehive. Wet paint smell isn’t attractive to bees (or even most people) and won’t help them settle into their new hive.
The wooden boxes that hold the frames of comb are called 'supers'. The standard super has an external length of 50.7 cm (20 in.) and a width of 41.8 cm (16 ½ in.). There are three types of supers, each with its own standard depth
Each super holds 10 frames inside it that the bees build wax onto.
You can assemble your hive without wood glue. That said, wood glue in a well-assembled beehive goes a very long way to make sure water is kept out of the joints. This will make the boxes last quite a bit longer.
Box nails (50 mm or 1 1/8 in.) are ideal for nailing supers. Or you can instead use flat-headed screws for maximum durability. Interestingly, commercial beekeepers sometimes use air-powered staple guns.